Ramadan Begins (Islam)

On July 31, 2011

 

Ramadan (also known as Ramadhan or Ramzan) is a period of prayer, fasting, charity-giving and self-accountability for Muslims. The word “Ramadan” is derived from an Arabic word for intense heat, scorched ground and shortness of food and drink. Many Muslims (except children, the sick and the elderly) abstain from food, drink, and certain other activities during daylight hours in Ramadan.

The month of Ramadan traditionally begins with a new moon sighting, marking the start of the ninth month in the Islamic calendar (which consists of 12 months and lasts for about 354 days). It is considered to be the most holy and blessed month and commemorates the time when the Qu’ran (Islamic holy book) is said to have been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. This occurred on Laylat Al-Qadr, one of the last 10 nights of the month.  Ramadan ends when the first crescent of the new moon is sighted again, marking the new lunar month’s start. Eid-al-Fitr is the Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan.

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